"Doctor, I have thyroid diseases. Some people tell me to eat more seafood. Some people tell me to eat less iodine. I do n’t know what to eat, which foods can be eaten and which can not be eaten?"
——This is one of the most often asked questions about the doctors of thyroid disease. Is there any diet taboos in this disease?
Healthy tribes in this period of 37 degrees of health tribe experts
Milk Milk Surgery of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University
There are questions related to thyroid disease, welcome to add a health tribe assistant WeChat, and consult the expert directly to the experts-
Regarding the diet of thyroid disease, the core principle is to control the intake of iodine control.
According to the "Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents", for healthy adults (non -pregnant women and breastfeeding women), the recommended intake of iodine is 120 micrograms/day, and the maximum intake of tolerance is 600 micrograms/day.
Generally, a normal amount of iodine can be consumed every day, but those with special eating habits, such as the perennial vegetarianists, the risk of iodine deficiency is greater; while the coastal areas live and like to eat seafood, the risk of excess iodine is greater.
Below, Dr. Zhou is requested to classify for everyone:
Because the patient’s body is in a high metabolic condition and energy consumption is large, high -calorie, high protein, high vitamin and mineral rich food should be given.
The staple food should be sufficient, which can increase high -quality protein such as milk, eggs, lean meat, and take more fresh vegetables and fruits.
It is best to eat iodine -free salt.Avoid eating foods rich in iodine, such as kelp, seaweed and other seafood; iodine iodine, iodine tablets contain medicines such as tablets;
Sea fish, sea shrimp, sea crabs, etc. with medium iodine content must be eaten less.Avoid warm or irritating foods such as pepper, ginger, lamb, sparrows, strong tea, and strong coffee.
If it is a large neck disease caused by iodine deficiency, iodine intake can be increased.However, those with thyroiditis of Hashimoto are recommended to have a low iodine diet.
Patients with hypothyroidism are prone to abnormal fat metabolism, and high blood lipids appear. Avoid high -fat, high -cholesterol foods such as fried foods, animal liver, and fat.
Patients with hypothyroidism often occur in mucous edema, and excessive salt intake will increase edema, so salt intake should be reduced.
There may also be abnormal gastrointestinal function. Constipation. It is recommended to eat more foods rich in dietary fiber, such as miscellaneous grains and fresh fruits and vegetables.
Hyperthyroidism with thyroid nodules
Do not eat pickled, processed food (or make iodized salt by yourself); do not eat seaweed, sea shells, sea shrimp, sea crabs (replacement of freshwater fish and shrimp); nuts that are not processed; do not eat iodine -containing health careProduct (see the food composition table).
High -functional adenomas that autonomously secrete thyroid hormones
It is necessary to taboo iodine. It is recommended to eat iodine -free salt.
Hashimoto thyroiditis companion nodule
There is no need to taboo iodine, but you should eat less seaweed, seaweed, sea fish and other seafood, because the high iodine diet will increase the damage of thyroid filter cells and the production of antibodies, which will increase the damage of thyroid cells.
Simple thyroid nodules (with normal thyroid function), benign tumor of thyroid
There is no need to strictly limit iodine -containing food intake.
After thyroid cancer
Try not to eat seaweed high iodine food.If you eat iodine -free salt, you can eat some sea shells, shrimp skin, processing food, egg yolk and so on.
Source: 37 degrees 丨 Yangtze River Health Media