This article was originally created by Dr. Wang Baizheng, Grandpa Anxin Pediatric Clinic of Hong Kong Sugar
There are many causes of diarrhea in children. We usually have gastrointestinal infections, and food allergies lead to diarrhea. The above two situations are relatively common.
In the diarrhea caused by intestinal infection, the more common are: bacterial infections, virus infections, and fungal infections.Today is mainly based on bacterial infections and virus infections.
● Bacterial enteritis: The cause of the cause is mainly caused by the exceptions of the bacterial content of unclean foods. Most of the clinical manifestations will have fever, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea. Regarding the form of stoolIf you have a smell, the patient will have a sense of anxiety, which means that even after the stool is pulled, there will be an endless feeling.
● Viral enteritis: The cause is mainly caused by the direct imports of items contaminated by virus. Most clinical manifestations will have vomiting, fever, diarrhea, similar to bacterial enteritis, but compared to bacterial enteritis, viral enteritis, viral enteritisMost of the stool forms are water -like, and the egg flower soup is the main, mucus, pus and blood, and stench are rare, and the number of diarrhea is more.
Diards caused by food allergies are more common in children: diarrhea caused by milk protein allergies.This kind of diarrhea is mainly common in small age groups.
The U.S. guidelines clearly point out that 2.5%of newborn has milk protein allergies, and few baby milk protein allergies will appear after one year of age.
What does that mean?In other words, the allergies of newborn milk protein are stored in a fixed crowd, about 2.5%of the crowd. There is no allergies before the age of one, and basically it will not appear after the age of 1.
72%of children who are allergic to milk will continue milk protein after two years of age.After four years of age, it will drop to 44%, and this proportion will drop to 32%after the age of six. Therefore, in general, milk protein allergies will gradually decrease with age.
The clinical manifestations of milk protein allergies are diverse.Mainly some skin allergies, there are iron deficiency anemia. In addition, there will be some blood wires that will even have a lot of blood due to gastrointestinal blood loss. In addition, children’s sleep will not sleep well, vomiting and constipation, diarrhea, growth and development disorders.Allergic rhinitis and breathing.
Diagnosis Clinical is generally through the history of family allergies and the typical allergies of patients. In addition, children have growth and development disorders, abnormal stool conditions, and obvious gastrointestinal reactions.Confirmation.Clinically, you can consider food one by one, such as milk protein, soybeans, eggs, seafood, and so on.
The guide also pointed out that at least four months of pure breastfeeding can reduce the incidence of diseases such as allergic dermatitis, milk protein allergies and asthma.There is currently no reliable evidence to prove that delaying supplementary food adding time can prevent the occurrence of allergic diseases.
In addition, there is no sufficient evidence to prove that the restrictions on diet during pregnancy can prevent the occurrence of diseases.
The principle of food allergies is: it may be a recurring and relieved lifelong disease. If patients with severe symptoms, we recommend intermittently using steroids for treatment and long -term diet.However, for children’s food allergies, if you find a certain food allergies, we do not recommend avoiding the food for life, but continue to give low dose of food and gradually increase consumption to finally achieve tolerance.
If diarrhea caused by food allergies, it is generally recommended to avoid the contact of the food temporarily. If you get out of the contact of this food, diarrhea naturally improves, then it can be confirmed.