Matters of attention during pregnancy

1. Pay attention to the diversity of food

The diversity of food refers to the large and large amount of various foods, such as various grains, beans, vegetables, fruits, dried fruits, meat, etc. This can make pregnant women get comprehensive nutrition and reduce the lack of certain nutrients.

Such as valley: Generally, rice and noodles are the main, but you can also eat some miscellaneous grains, such as millet and corn.Grain is rich in vitamin B and vitamin E.

corn

Beans: There are soybeans and various mung beans, red beans, black beans, etc.Soy is rich in plant protein, which is comparable to meat and contains more unsaturated fatty acids.And soybeans are rich in folic acid, which is conducive to preventing neural tube malformation.

Soybean

Vegetables: Green leafy vegetables account for more than half of the total vegetables, and they are rich in types. Its vitamin C content is higher than other vegetables.

vegetable

Fruits: Including various fresh fruits and various fruit juices (squeezed juice) and preserved fruit.Fruit is rich in vitamins and minerals, and is rich in dietary fiber.

cherry

Dried fruit: All kinds of nuts such as walnuts and pine nuts are good supplements.

dried fruit

Meat: lean meat (cattle and sheep pigs) is the food with the highest protein content.There are also fish, but it cannot be eaten too much, because fish contains a large amount of fat and cholesterol, and eating too much can cause obesity and hypertension and other diseases, which is not good for pregnant women.At the same time, pay attention to eating less fat and fried foods.

beef

In short, foods should be diverse, all kinds of foods should be eaten, and various nutrients should be supplemented and promoted to absorb each other; at the same time, various foods should be affected and supplemented by each other; different types of foods cannot be replaced by each other; different nutritional ingredients should be replaced by each other; different nutritional ingredients shouldFood should not be paired with food; every day, pay attention to eating some new varieties, vegetables and fruits such as vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber.Special attention should be taken to avoid eating foods that may cause vomiting (such as wine, coffee, strong tea, spicy seasoning, etc.); avoid eating leftovers overnight.

2. Pay attention to the cleanliness of food

The cleaning of food is important for mothers and babies during pregnancy.

When eating foods, pregnant mothers must pay attention to food hygiene to avoid eating some unhygienic foods, such as raw vegetables and fruits, unsustering meat.

salad

Pay attention to the clean and hygiene of food, and can also prevent many diseases from occurring, such as intestinal infectious diseases, parasitic diseases.

During pregnancy, diarrhea and abdominal pain often occur because the level of estrogen after pregnancy is increased, and some digestive enzymes such as amylase and protease in the intestine are enhanced, and the digestive absorption function is enhanced.

Therefore, pregnant women should pay attention to hygiene and safety to prevent food poisoning.It is recommended that mothers eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and wash melon fruits; do not drink raw water; do not eat non -clean fruits and wild vegetables.

Tomato

Especially for pregnant mothers, pay attention to the following points in diet:

1. Fresh and hygienic food can maximize the nutrients and nutrients required by the human body;

2. Do not eat rotten foods;

3. Do not eat cold, hard and irritating foods;

4. Don’t overeating;

5. Do not eat stimulating foods such as spicy and cold.

Because these foods may have a certain impact on the fetus:

1. During pregnancy, the body changes, causing a decrease in gastric acid secretion. If pregnant women eat some foods that are not easy to digest, it is easy to cause indigestion, and vomiting may occur.

2. Pregnant women themselves have poor resistance themselves. If they eat unhygienic or spoiled foods, they can easily cause gastrointestinal diseases and gastrointestinal infections.

3. During pregnancy, the level of estrogen in pregnant women increases. If you eat some unclean or deteriorated foods, you may stimulate the inner wall of the uterus to produce a threatened abortion or abortion.

4. If pregnant women eat some cold or deteriorated foods during pregnancy, stomach pain is prone to occur.

5. If you eat some irritating foods during pregnancy, you may cause gastrointestinal discomfort.

3. Balanced nutrition

(1) Milk, fish, lean meat, beans and other protein -rich foods can provide pregnant women with high -quality protein and calcium.

(2) Vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals, especially dark green vegetables.Among them, trace elements such as carotenoids, folic acid, calcium, phosphorus, etc. These are indispensable nutrients that are indispensable for fetal growth and development.

(3) Fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals, and also contain plant chemical composition, which can promote calcium absorption and prevent constipation.

(4) For foods with high calcium, such as shrimp skin, sesame sauce, soy products, etc., try to eat more to meet the needs of fetal bone growth.

(5) Nut foods are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which helps the development of fetal brain and retinal.

(6) Egg foods are rich in protein, vitamin A, vitamin D and other substances. It is an indispensable food for pregnant women.

(7) Pregnant mothers should eat more foods rich in vitamin B1 and vitamin B2 during pregnancy, such as cereals, beans, peanuts, etc.These two vitamins play an important role in the development of fetal nervous system.

These proteins and calcium are essential nutrients for fetal bone development.

4. Pay attention to reasonable diet structure

1. Reasonable dietary structure refers to the diverse type of food and the science of nutritional composition to avoid partial eclipse.

2. Pay attention to the intake of dietary fiber, vitamins, trace elements, etc. during pregnancy.

3. Balanced diet can ensure the nutritional needs of pregnant women, while preventing stretch marks and anemia.

4. If there is no calcium deficiency or other minerals before pregnancy, pay attention to increasing calcium intake after pregnancy, and eat more calcium -rich foods such as milk and soy products.

5. During pregnancy, we should pay attention to avoid a large amount of caffeine -containing foods, such as coffee, tea, and chocolate, otherwise it will increase the risk of abortion and fetal deformities.

6. During pregnancy, you should also pay attention to avoid eating too much sugar (white sugar, brown sugar) and high fat content.

7. Eat more iron -rich foods such as animal blood and liver and black fungus.Iron is an important raw material for human hematopoietic. The lack of iron deficiency during pregnancy can easily cause iron deficiency anemia, which will affect fetal development.Iron -rich foods include: animal blood and liver, eggs, black fungus, etc.; Green leafy vegetables such as rapeseed, spinach, etc.; Fresh fruits such as hawthorn and cherry.

8. Eat a certain amount of fresh fruits every day to meet the needs of vitamins and minerals during pregnancy.

9. Avoid foods with more hormones, such as animal organs.

10. Avoid foods with more preservatives, such as canned foods.

11. Avoid foods that are mildew, such as rice.

12. Avoid pickled foods such as pickles.

13. Pregnant women should eat less fried foods and pickled foods.Fried foods can easily cause indigestion and obesity; pickled foods can easily lead to diarrhea; high -fat foods can easily cause hypertension and atherosclerosis during pregnancy; high cholesterol foods will aggravate pregnancy reactions; high sugar foods can easily cause gestational diabetes, etc.Essence

5. It should not be supplemented blindly

Nourishing during pregnancy is a psychological needs of many expectant mothers during pregnancy. However, expectant mothers should pay attention to the following aspects when supplementing:

1. It is not suitable for a large amount of supplements.In daily diet, many foods have the effects of nourishing yin and moisturizing, such as bird’s nest, Ejiao, royal jelly.If a large amount of supplements are blindly consumed, it will inevitably cause excessive nutrition of expectant mothers, causing obesity and rising blood sugar.

2. It is not advisable to take some supplements blindly.Such as ginseng, deer antler, wolfberry, etc.Ginseng is a kind of supplement for large supplements. Excessive taking will cause adverse consequences such as tire leakage, miscarriage, and premature birth. Deer antler is a drug that is warm and kidney. If you take blindly during pregnancy, it will cause fetal malformations; wolfberry has a tonic liver and kidney.If you take it blindly, it will cause the fetus to be too large.

3. Cordyceps such as Cordyceps contain a small amount of hormone ingredients. If long -term consumption, it will cause pregnant women’s endocrine disorders and other complications. At the same time, it contains a certain amount of heavy metal elements such as Cordyceps. It is not very suitable for pregnant women.

6. Don’t overeating

During pregnancy, some expectant mothers have a lack of understanding of nutritional knowledge and believe that all the nutrients required for fetal development all come from the mother, and ignore the significance of the balanced diet to the growth of the fetus.

Such expectant mothers believe that as long as they eat more, the fetus can grow much, which will occur.

In fact, it is unscientific to do this. The nutrients required for the development of each fetus have certain standards. If the expectant mothers eat too much and exceed the standard range, they will adversely affect the growth of the fetus.

Precautions for diet during pregnancy:

1. Try to reduce the intake of sugar food during pregnancy.Such as sugar, sucrose, fructose, etc., because these foods contain more calories and sugar, eating too much will increase the weight of pregnant women too fast.

2. Either vitamins and minerals.In the early stages of pregnancy, pregnant women need about 1,000 mg per day, 1200 mg in the second trimester, and 1500 mg in the third trimester.If pregnant women lack trace elements such as calcium, iron, zinc, are susceptible to cramps and anemia.

3. Eat more foods rich in protein and vitamins.After pregnancy, due to increasing uterine compression of the intestine, the appetite of prospective mothers decreases or even anorexia. If the expectant mothers can often eat foods rich in protein and vitamins, they can promote appetite and absorb nutrients.

4. It is not advisable to eat cold foods or ice products.Raw cold foods such as ice products, cold water, frozen fruits, etc. are great stimulation for pregnant women.Cold drinks can cause gastrointestinal mucosa to suddenly be cold and cause blood vessels to shrink and cause stomach pain or diarrhea.

5. Should eat more fresh vegetables and fruits.Fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals, which can provide sufficient nutrients for pregnant women and prevent complications during various pregnancy.

6. It is not advisable to eat too salty foods and high salt -containing food.Excessive salt can cause edema and increased blood pressure and other complications. At the same time, it will also affect the development of the fetus, which is not good for the health of the fetus.

7. Don’t eat or eat less snacks

Most snacks are high -heat, and we should avoid it as much as possible.

Such as: chocolate, candy, plums, potato chips, jelly, etc. If pregnant women are addicted to these snacks, they will eat more and lose weight.

Many pregnant women also like to drink sugar -containing drinks, which is also dangerous because it will make you fatter.

If you drink a lot of sugary drinks during pregnancy, then you are likely to drink more water to make up for your desire for sugar.

If pregnant women want to drink drinks, they have to wait until the baby is born.

I believe many pregnant women have experienced such experiences:

When they walked into a store, they found that all women’s salespersons were wearing high heels because they didn’t want to be seen by others.

However, most people think that they should not wear high heels during pregnancy.

These ideas may make pregnant women feel uncomfortable or embarrassed.But in fact, as long as you wear flat shoes.

Another factor is that wearing high heels during pregnancy may cause fetal malformation.Because during pregnancy, the fetus will develop faster and faster, and more and more active.

So you should wear flat shoes or sneakers instead of high heels and thick sole shoes.If you really want to wear high heels and thick sole shoes, you should also start wearing them after the second trimester.

Therefore, pregnant women should choose loose clothes and peace shoes to make up for their shortcomings.

I also recommend pregnant women to eat healthy foods instead of junk food and fast food.Although this is a bit offensive, if you don’t know what food you want, you can try it:

Fruit: It is very beneficial to consume fruits during pregnancy because fruits are rich in antioxidants and other nutrients.

Vegetables: Although we can’t eat a lot of vegetables and fruits every day like pregnant women, they are very good for health.It can also help pregnant women keep moisture and maintain healthy weight.

Fish: Fish is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, protein, minerals and various vitamins.

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