Rice noodles are a snack that everyone is familiar with.
The most famous one is the bridge of the Yunnan crossing, hemp, spicy, fresh, and fragrant, eat a bowl, taste buds can’t help "dance", proper happiness!
Spicy and fragrant Yunnan crossing bridge rice noodles
There is also a rice noodle called "high -rise rice noodles" in Guhuai Town, Changle District, Fuzhou.However, this "rice noodle" cannot be eaten. It can only be seen. It is a folk handicraft!Beautiful!
Below, Xiaobian will take everyone to Takashima Village to see this exquisite survival!
"High -rise rice noodles" creation
Self -activity: originated from sacrifice
Changle once circulated a folk song: "Guxian rice noodles, Nagano, Xianlou’s technical garlic material."
This refers to the high -rise rice noodles."Ancient County" is Guhuai Town, and "Xianlou" is high -rise village; "garlic" is a kind of rice, which is a raw material for making rice noodles.
Therefore, the so -called "rice noodles" are sticky rice lines to create a variety of shapes.
This kind of art bonded with Xiaomi grains has been circulating in the vein of Chen’s Chen’s, with a history of more than 100 years. This skill has disappeared for decades. In recent years, it has been excavated and inherited.The fifth batch of representative projects of intangible cultural heritage.
Changle Guhuai Town
During the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, Gaolou Village was one of the settlements of the local Chen Wang family.Every time when the ancestor of the first month, the Chen Family Ancestral Hall is always crowded. In addition to coming to congratulate, people are more important to see the style of high -rise rice noodles.
Before the 1950s, almost every household in Gaolou Village would make rice noodle products. The purpose of making rice noodles products was to display the use of the ancestors on the 12th night of the first month of the lunar calendar.To this end, the villagers started designing themes from the first day of the New Year, then selected rice grains and dyed, carefully made and repeatedly modified, and finally put the finished products on a specific wooden plate.
High -rise rice noodles are a folk skill unique to Changle and even Fuzhou
On the twelfth of the first month, the day of the exhibition of Mi -line products. On the same day, the households sent their own works to the ancestral temple and placed them on the long table to pray for the wind and the grains.In the evening, the high -hanging steam lamp was shining in the ancestral hall, and the villagers in Bali, nearby, came to visit, which was very lively.
The pagoda woven (Chen Guorui) woven "Mi Wheel")
Mi -noodle works are all -encompassing, and the production technology also has its own advantages, such as making animals or flowers, to dye the rice grains into different colors, the finished product is colorful; making pavilions, pavilions or small bridges, pagodas, etc.The image is realistic; and the production of couplets, plaques and the like, use wheat straw, color paper, etc. to embellish it, which looks small and exquisite.
"Golden Rooster" (made by Chen Guorui)
While appreciation, the exhibitors of each household will also participate in the selection, and the number of silver rounds of the rewards will be given in different levels.After the exhibition, the villagers moved the rice noodles back to their own home to continue to appreciate.
After the 1950s, the cancellation of the high -rise rice noodles gradually disappeared with the cancellation of other ancestors in the village.Today, the elderly who have seen rice noodle products have long lived in a rare year, and young people do not know what the rice noodles are.
Rescue: craft "go home"
Just when the high -rise rice noodles were on the verge of loss, some local elderly people had actively brewed the creation and inheritance of the rice noodles.
In 2007, the two elderly people, Chen Dekuang and Chen Yilin of Takashima Village, picked up the tools and other tools again. They created two rice noodles in "Flower Pot" and "Shuangxi" with impression.Such a beautiful artwork is amazed.The old people are eagerly looking forward to this kind of folk handicraft skills. Until a few years later, the burden was finally picked up by a "post -80s" young man. His name was Chen Guorui.
Chen Guorui is focusing on creation
In 2015, an old overseas Chinese returned to Gaolou Village and recalled the rice noodle products that he had seen in his childhood while chatting with Chen Guori’s father. Old overseas Chinese hoped that Chen Guorui, who graduated from the Xiamen Institute of Arts and Crafts from Fuzhou University, can disappear for decades.Get back.However, no one in the village would make rice noodles at that time. For the elderly in the village, rice noodles only existed in their childhood memories.
Without any physical reference, Chen Guorui can only refer to the genealogy in the village and check the relevant county records in the Changle Archives. At the same time, the elderly in the village will tell the memory of the rice noodle products in memory, and then use their imagination to start bold creation.
Chen Guorui graduated from the Xiamen Institute of Arts and Crafts, Fuzhou University, and was born in the science class
The process of creating rice noodles is very complicated. First of all, the selection of rice grains as the basic raw material, and then boil the rice slurry with glutinous rice and rice mixed rice according to the proportion to make a paste to adhere the rice grains.The materials such as paper, mud, etc. are inner tires, and then combine rice grains for forming, and finally take out the inner tire.
Chen Guorui is boiling rice slurry
The materials for making Takahashi rice noodles are not all kinds of rice. In the past, villagers used rice from Takino Village. Because this kind of rice grains are usually suitable for one centimeter long, but now this rice has not been planted.After several failures, Chen Guorui finally chose the imported Thai jasmine rice. The average length of this rice exceeded 7 mm, and it was uniform and full.
With raw materials is only the first step of success, every grain of rice must be carefully combined during production.Chen Guorui used about 300 cents to build a small rice ox ornament, and it took a whole month.
Creation of rice noodles crafts not only complicated, but also tested patience
With his efforts, the high -rise rice noodle has been "resurrected" to go home for more than 70 years!
The old people in the village were happy when they saw it.After that, Chen Guorui further improved the transformation and produced richer rice noodles such as gazebo, fruits, and animals.While making his experience, he recorded his experience in the form of text and pictures to form a reference template to allow more young people to continue to follow up and inherit this skill.
Chen Guorui riding an electric car passes through the high -rise rice noodle non -heritage cultural corridor
Inheritance: Keep nostalgia
In 2017, the popularity of high -rise rice noodles started again.
When worshiping ancestors, folks at home and abroad came here to look at the old crafts that had been lost for a long time.This also gave Chen Guori’s great confidence.
Chen Guorui in creation
"The rice that is bought back has to be sieved again. The cracks, cracks, short, and opaque rice grains in the rice are not suitable." In Chen Guorui, the steps of history should be maintained as much as possible.EssenceThe selected rice grain ratio must be complete, and the effect of the work will be good.
"During the production process, I also felt the spirit of the craftsmanship brought to me by the high -rise rice noodles. I can calm my impetuous heart and do one thing to do one thing and do one thing."
The bonding and compilation of each grain of rice condenses Chen Guori’s ingenuity
With the efforts of Chen Guorui, the high -rise rice noodles were officially included in the Fuzhou Intangible Cultural Heritage List in 2018 and became Fuzhou’s "ancient and young" non -heritage project.
Chen Guorui believes that only him will do high -rise rice noodles, far from allowing high -rise rice noodles to stay for a long time.
In 2019, with the support and cooperation of multi -party, Guhuai Center Elementary School established the Fuzhou high -rise rice noodle non -genetic practice base. Chen Guorui served as a inherited teaching teacher with this skill. A large number of students participated in the learning and production of high -rise rice noodles.
Chen Guorui guides students from Guhuai Central Elementary School to learn Mician Craft Production Production
In June 2020, the non -genetic inheritance base of the Fuzhou high -rise rice line was rated as the "Fuzhou Intangible Cultural Heritage Project Inheritance Demonstration Base".Chen Guorui said: "As a member of my hometown, I have the responsibility to inherit this skill.
The traditional folk technique that was once unique and never passed on, has been familiar with more and more young generations, and has formed a good situation of inheritance and promotion.
Vividly and vivid rice noodles oranges, rice noodles tea cups and tea cups
Source: Min Sheng Media