In Coco, I saw Tibetan antelopes
Driving along the Qinghai -Tibet Highway to Kunlun Mountain Exit, everything in front of me felt that it had reached another world: in the distance, Yushu Peak and Yu Xufeng were "stationed", Kunlun Mountain, Coco Xili Mountain, and Ulan Ulara went together.There is a vast wilderness, and there is no edge; nearby, the statue of Sonan Dajie stands. He holds a shotgun with his left hand, holds a Tibetan antelope in his arms in his right hand, staring at the distance …
This is one of the four unmanned areas in China, and it is also a home that the Tibetan antelope breeds.
Obverse the skeleton, reassemble again
In the summer of cocoa, the frozen soil is raised and Asakusa is born.At 8 o’clock in the morning, facing the morning light, the reporter followed Guo Xuehu, deputy head of the Coco Sili Zhuo Nai Lake Protection Station, and five members of the station in the station.Essence
Tibetan antelope is a national first -class protection animal.From May to July each year, female Tibetan antelopes from Sanjiangyuan, Tibetan, Tibet, Tibet, and Alkina, Xinjiang will be migrated to producing babies in the Zhuo Nai Lake area of Cocoica, and then returned to the original habitat with the noodles.
Right now, the group of Tibetan antelopes are migrating greatly, and it is the most vibrant season of the year of Coco.
A group of Tibetan antelopes event in the area of the Zhuo Naihu Lake (taken on June 18).Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Hongxiang Zhang Hongxiang
"It is the first time that I have arrived in Zhuo Nai Lake, anyway, I have worked for 18 years in Coco." Guo Xuehu said with a smile.The vehicle leaves the Qinghai -Tibet Highway, enters the vast wasteland, and is like the Tibetan antelope and Tibetan wild donkeys passing by from time to time, we have also become part of Coco Sili.
The car was driving on the frozen soil surface full of sand and gravel. In order to avoid swamps and mud, Guo Xuehu kept hitting the steering wheel, and the car was like a bumpy boat in the stormy waves.In the words of the mountain patrol players, "take a trip to Coco, it is like turning the skeleton, and then reassembled again."
There is a changeable face in Coco. Seeing four seasons and ten miles a day, the minimum temperature in winter exceeds minus 40 degrees Celsius.Even in such a midsummer season, just now the sun is still shining, and a cloud of clouds will fall down, and the goose hair snow is heavy. Like the reporters and the players, they wear down jackets and jackets.
"Oops, I got caught in a car." After more than an hour of bumps, our car was trapped in the mud beach.The team members were skilled in wearing gloves, picking up the iron pupa, and starting to work.
This is a place with nearly 5,000 meters above sea level, and he has to pant when walking, but the players waved unambiguously.Occasionally, the Tibetan antelope passed by the side like an arrow. The driver said that this speed absolutely reached 80 kilometers per hour.
From time to time, wolf’s low howls came from from time to time.More than half an hour later, the car was finally dragged out of mud pits.The players returned to the car, and their cheeks were covered with sweat."Summer landscapes, cars are often stuck. After the frozen soil is melted, there are rotten mud cubes everywhere, and sometimes the car is carried away by everyone."
The team member Cai Wen Duojie said that one time on the road, their cars were caught in a swamp. The players trapped in the uninhabited area for 33 days, and there were few foods left. There were only half a bag of instant noodles "renewing their lives" every day.
Coco Xili Management Office Zhuo Naihu Protection Station Patrol Patrol Patriotic Pan Ma Chenglin (right) was rescued trapped vehicles (taken on June 16).Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Hongxiang Zhang Hongxiang
Facing the splattered mud stroller, lying in the muddy ground to repair the car, walk all the way, go all the way, and reach the distance of about 140 kilometers of Zhuo Naihu Protection Station. We walked for 10 hours and at seven o’clock in the evening.land.
The migrating Tibetan antelope has a strict "management system"
Early the next morning, the reporter walked out of the Zhuo Naihu Protection Station.The air is fresh as a sweet taste, the sky is a bit bright, and a white clouds are floating in the air with weight, as if it can fall at any time.
In the distance, the stream is like a capillaries, extending from the snow peak to the distance.In the vast wasteland, there is no tree, only a slightly green meadow and a lake wetland with stars.
The average altitude of Coco is more than 4600 meters, and the climate of high cold, hypoxia, drought and rain, has blocked the footsteps of human beings and limited the growth of plants.Most of the plants that can provide energy for this migration are attached to the ground, hidden in the gravel, and the tall is not a palm.
I stared widened and worked hard to find Tibetan antelopes, but where are the sheep?When I first arrived in the Coco, the Tibetan antelope was almost the same as brown -yellow fluff with almost the same color as the wasteland, and often let reporters "be deceived."This long -term evolutionary "protection color", and the inherently orthodox fitness posture, is the "only two" secrets given to the self -protection of Tibetan antelopes to Tibetan antelope, so that they can avoid the wild wolves, brown bears, etc.The killing of natural enemies.
Finally, at the end of the skyline, I found a moving "wasteland", and then looked carefully, isn’t it the Tibetan antelope that is foraging!This is a group of about 50 Tibetan antelopes. Most of them look down on their heads and eat while walking.Only a few Tibetan antelopes, a few mouthfuls of grass, raised their heads and erected ears, and raised their heads vigilantly.
This is a group of Tibetan antelopes shot in the area of the Lake in the Cocoi Sili on June 17.Xinhua News Agency (Photo by Pan Binbin)
Guo Xuehu, who is familiar with the habit of living in Tibetan antelopes, told reporters that these Tibetan antelopes who are looking up while eating are the heads of "duty whistle". They are responsible for "monitoring" the surrounding "enemy feelings" to defend the safety of the entire herd.During the migration, the Tibetan antelopes have a strict "management system": even if a eagle flew in the distance, the herd will evacuate quickly as the head of the head.
The reporter was surprised to find that there were a few wild yaks farther away from this group of Tibetan antelopes, and they were also eating grass leisurely.What surprised the reporters even more that a few Tibetan foxes, crickets, "put" a deep or light wilderness "jacket", quietly lurking around the herd, for fear of these "fat sheep" in front of them.
Guo Xuehu said that Tibetan foxes, like Tibetan antelopes, are all "treasures" animals in cocoa Sili, which is an indispensable part of the entire cocoa Sili healthy ecological chain.
The journey of life is ushered in highlights
On the side of a group of Tibetan antelopes that were foraging, a female Tibetan antelope left the sheep slightly. After confirming that there was no danger around, it began to walk back and forth in place and sober tail.Subsequently, a lamb curled up and fell to the ground, her mother turned around, licking the hair of the lamb gently.
Although the wet lamb had just landed for a few minutes, she began to stand upright, raised her body, and tried to stand up.Continue to fall, climb up, and try to try again and again, the lamb finally can walk away alone.
This journey of life finally ushered in a high time!
The members of the mountain told reporters that in recent years, the team members have increased their patrol density in the seasonal season, and brought back the "order" lambs encountered as much as possible back to the protection station for assistance.
At the protection station, the reporter saw that each lamb had its own exclusive bottle, their "grandma" -the members of the mountain patrol, in addition to feeding the milk three times on time during the day, they also had to bring the lamb at the protection station.Play in the fence.At night, he was going to sleep with a cold and bad mental lamb.
At the Sonan Dajie Protection Station of the Coca -Coco National Nature Reserve, Tashisan Zhou, a member of the mountain patrol, interacted with a rescued Little Tibetan antelope in the Wildlife Rescue Center (Photo taken on May 30).Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Hongxiang Zhang Hongxiang
"When the lamb is basically weaned, when we can eat grass by ourselves, we will conduct wild training on them. In the end, they still have to return to nature. Coco Sili is their real home." Said Saigan, a member of the mountain patrol.
"In the past, it was difficult to see the Tibetan antelope." Guo Xuehu said that Zhuo Naihu was once one of the high incidence of poaching cases.
Guo Xuehu said that now, more than 30,000 female Tibetan antelopes are returned to their birthplace every year to their birthplace Zhuo Nai Lake and give birth to the young.Today, on the grass, on the grass and next to the hillside, from time to time, they will see a group of Tibetan antelopes, or look down for food, or pass by, and they can hear their soft cry from time to time.Guo Xuehu said that in the same place, the number of Tibetan antelopes has returned to more than 70,000 from less than 20,000 in the late 1980s.
People make roads, cars, roads, roads
Cocoisi covers a complete route from the migration of Tibetan antelopes from Sanjiangyuan Soga -Qu Mahe area.This route, crossing the Qinghai -Tibet Highway and the Qinghai -Tibet Railway, is the most difficult -to -protect route in all known Tibetan antelope migration routes.Among them, the Qinghai -Tibet Railway also specially reserved the channel for the migration of the Tibetan antelope.
The migration season, near the Coco Sili Wudao Liang Protection Station, reporters often see that in groups of female Tibetan antelopes, under the leadership of the head of the head, they took a small broken step and quickly and quickly across the Qinghai -Tibet Highway.Under the command of the staff, the long -lined team has been lined up. There is no whistle or onlookers. Only the way to make it is so natural.
Sonan, a member of the Wudao Liang Protection Station, said that they saw the migrating Tibetan antelope with a telescope. When the flock was approaching the highway, traffic control was performed."In short, wait for five or six minutes, and wait for two hours when long."
"Since the establishment of the protected area, it has never stopped for three days of small -scale patrols and at least 12 large -scale mountain patrols a year." Said Bo Zhou, director of the Cocoisi Management Office of the Sanjiangyuan National Park Management Bureau, said the migration season of migration of migrations.The management departments will arrange staff to patrol the 24 -hour care of the five -way Liang and Zhuo Nai Lake area where the five -way Liang Liang and Zhuo Nai Lake areas are required to minimize the interference of the migration of Tibetan antelopes in human activities.
On May 29, in the Coco Xili in Qinghai, a group of female waiting for Tibetan antelope through Qinghai -Tibet Highway.Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Hongxiang Zhang Hongxiang
Once upon a time, seeing Tibetan antelopes was a lucky in the cocoa Sili; to this day, we migrated the season of the childbirth.
The generation of Coco Sili continued to carry the banner of ecological civilization in the Qinghai -Tibet Plateau, and persisted in guarding the Kochi Sili and guarded the "Plateau Elves".
Migration, producing babies, relocation.
Watch, patrol, pursue.
Although it is difficult, it is worth it for the watch."In the Cocoati, I found my love and pursuit in Coco Sili, and I guarded the heart of cocoa and kept my heart in Coco."
Reporter: Wang Jinjin, Li Linhai, Zhang Hongxiang
Source: Xinhua News Agency